The lesson cycle is a deductive model of teaching
Focus the learners attention on the task.
- Focus should – relate to prior knowledge of learner; relate directly to objective; involve learner (overtly or covertly)
State in observable/measurable student terms what you want the learner to be able to do at the conclusion of the lesson (teacher objective).
Relate the learning to the individual and/or discipline (rationale).
- Objective – builds and accountability; allows students to eliminate extraneous information; should correlate with the guided/independent practice.
Disseminate the information to the learner.
- Instructional input should – be teacher directed; the clean, clear and correct.
Demonstrate the skill or intended learning (the process and/or product).
- Model – steps to follow (process); completed version (product).
Checking for Understanding
Check for understanding of the concepts.
- Check understanding using a variety of techniques, including – individual/group; verbal/non-verbal; overt/covert.
Perform the intended behavior with guidance by the teacher.
- Practice – smallest amount with maximum meaning; periods should be short, intensive and highly motivating; mass initially/distribute over time.
Perform the task independently for the purpose of reinforcing behavior and creating fluency.
Summarize the critical attributes of the lesson.
- Summary may be provided by the teacher or students.